The Archbold Collection

Section: non-university

Accession Number: Legacy Collection

Date Finding Aid Created/Updated: October 2004

Title: Archbold Collection, 1838-1978

Inclusive Dates:1838-1978, bulk 1945-75

Creator: Adrian Archbold

Extent: 3.5 linear feet, 3 boxes, one separate

Section: non-university

Record Group: Archbold

Box Codes:Archbold 1,2,3,4

Shelf: 13

Edinboro University Archives
200 Tartan R.
Baron-Forness Library
Edinboro University
Edinboro, PA 16444

Prefered Citation:
The Archbold Collection, 1838-1978
Edinboro University Archives

Abstract: The collection represents a personal family collection of the Archbold, Gebauer and Dana families. It includes family history and geneology information in a mixture of formats. Additional documents include information on the Westpenna Farm in Millcreek Township of Erie County, PA.

Acquisition information: This is a legacy collection. Donor is unknown.

Copyright: There is published material who's copyright is identified in the item. The copyright for the non-published material is assumed to belong to Edinboro University as part of the initial intentions of the donor.

Alternative Format: none

Family Biography:

Isreal Archbold, born 1807, was an itenerant Methodist minister in Virginia in the early to mid 1800's. He married Frances F. Dana, born 1809, in September 1834. They had seven children, William Dana born 1835, James Edward born 1838, Phoebe Maria born 1840, Charles Wesley born 1843, Mary Elisabeth born 1845, John Dustin born 1848 and Frances Ann born 1852.

William became secretary and treasurer of the Continental Oil Co., a division of Standard Oil in Denver. He married Martha Humaston in Farmington Ohio in 1857.

Charles spent his early life in Corry and Titusville Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the 7th Ohio Regiment during the Civil War. He was taken prisoner, later exchanged and returned to civilian life. In 1865 he married Emma O. Kibbee in Farmington Ohio. He engaged in some business venture with George Yost, inventor of the typewritter. In 1890 he became manager of the Camden Refinery of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey operating in Parkersburg, West Virginia.

John Dustin Archbold was born in Leesburg Virgina and moved to Pennsylvania by 1864. He married Annie M. Mills in 1870. Together they had four children, Mary Lavina born 1871, Anne born 1873, Frances born 1875 and John Foster born 1877. He became president of Acme Oil company. In 1875 he connected with the Standard Oil Company as a director and vice president until 1911 when he took over as president. He held this position until his death in 1916.

Among his philanthopic endeavors was the establishment of the John D. Archbold Memorial Hospital in Thomasville, Georgia in 1924.

The youngest child, Frances Ann, married Horace P. Chamberlain. Chamberlain also became involved in the oil business as manager of the Atlas Refinery at Buffalo, the Imperial Oil Refinery at Sarnia, Ontario and a branch of the Standard Oil Company at Havana. He also built a Standard Oil refinery in Bucharest, which was destroyed by the Germans in WWI.

John Foster Archbold, son of John D. and grandson of Isreal Archbold, had four children John Dana who died young, Richard born 1907, Adrian born 1909 and Frances May born 1912. Adrian married Jessie A. Gebauer who was born in 1909. (It is this couple that is believed responsible for gathering this archival collection.)

Richard Archbold, who never married, went on to become a noted naturalist, explorer and mountaineer. From 1933 to 1948, he joined or lead epeditions to Madagascar, New Guinea and one to the Cape York Peninsula of Australia. He pioneered the use of a PBY-1, flying boat. His expeditions amassed an invaluable collection of plants and animal specimens entirely new to the scientific communty. Many of these are housed at the American Museum of Natural History.

Richard is the author of several articles and books on biology and exploration. His lasting legacy is the Archbold Biological Station in Lake Placid, Florida.

Adrian Archbold, Richard's brother, lived in Millcreek Township adjacent to the city of Erie Pennsylvania. There he had considerable property, 186 acres, that he farmed. Some of it was grazing land, other parcels were used for grapes while other sections were left wooded. On the grazing portion Adrian raised about 36 registered American Hereford cattle.

On the land dedicated to crops, Adrian grew corn, barley and hay. He also had 8 acres of apple trees, and 6 acres of grapes vines. The farm was known as Westpenna Farms. Although owned by Adrian and his wife, the farm was managed by C.A. Dieffenderfer.

The farm was parceled and sold to various interests. The 22 acres with the living quarters and outbuildings is today owned by Edinboro University. It is known as the Porreco Center.

Scope and Content: This collection contains information of three families, the Archbold's, the Gebauer's and the Dana family. There is one extensive book on the Dana Family (ca. 1930) which has connections to the Gebauer and Archbold family lineage. The Rodeo, yearbooks from Evans School (1925-32) in Arizonia, is included because this is where Richard Archbold and Adrian Archbold went to school. The Spokesman, yearbooks from Erie High School(1914-16, 1918), are included because George John Gebauer went to school there. Likewise, the Haverford College yearbooks (1918, 1920-21) are a result of George John Gebauer attending school there.

The two ledger books (1969-71) contain two different types of information. In one there is an accounting of stocks owned by Adrian Archbold, the other is a tabulation of expenses at the Westpenna Farms estate. The collection also contains documents relating to the operation of Westpenna Farms, the Millcreek Township farm.

Organization of the Collection:

-Family Documents and Photographs
-Property and Business Files

Controlled Access Terms:

Archbold,Isreal, 1807-1859
Archbold, William Dana, 1835-1920
Archbold, James Edward, 1838-1843
Archbold, Phoebe Marie, 1840-1894
Archbold, Charles Wesley, 1843-1914
Archbold, Mary Elisabeth, 1845-1934
Archbold, John Dustin, 1848-1916
Archbold, Frances Ann, 1852-1927
Archbold, Mary Levina, 1871-
Archbold, Anne, 1873-
Archbold, Frances, 1875-
Archbold, John Foster, 1877-1930
Archbold, Richard, 1907-1976
Archbold, Adrian, 1909-
Archbold, Frances, 1912-
Dana, Frances F.
Erie high school
Evans school
Family records
Farms--Pennsylvania--Erie County--Millcreek Township
Gebauer, Jessie A., 1909-
Haverford college
Humanstan, Martha
Kibbe, Emma O., 1843-1932
Mills, Annie M., 1847-1921
Standard Oil
Westpenna Farms


Box: Archbold 1
Shelf: 13
Series: Family Documents and Photographs

Birth and Marriage certificates, Gebauer family, 1861, 1863
Cruise line information,1938
Dana's and the Dana Farm, ca. 1930
Diary of Isreal Archbold, 1832-45
Diploma, Adrian Archbold, Univer. of Arizonia, 1935
Expeditions of Richard Archbold, 1953-76
Expeditions, Crocker Land Expedition, 1912
Family Record, from family bible, 1840
Gebauer coat of arms research, [nd]
Gebauer family photos, [nd]
Gebauer family photos 2, [nd]
Gebauer letter, 1900
German passport, 1838
Guest book, 1960's
John F. Archbold memorial book, 1930
Letter (found in passport) 1864
Magazine clipping with Gebauer [1945?]
Obituaries, Richard Archbold, 1976

Box: Archbold 1
Shelf: 13
Series: Property and Business

Appraisal of the Archbold farm, 1968
Checks and construction on land, 1943-47
Gaff oil, 1962-74
Hereford registers and farm documents, 1957-77
Land deeds, 1962
Land deeds, 1943-74
Land sale to school board with map and appraisal, 1969-71
Lou Porreco, Westpenna Farms [ca. 1977] property layout
National Grape Cooperative, 1967-78
Property maps, 1962-72
Sewer matters, with maps, 1959-73

Box: Archbold 2
Shelf: 13
Series: Family Documents and Photographs

Haverford College yearbook, 1921
Haverford College yearbook, 1920
Haverford College yearbook, 1918
Erie high school yearbook, 1918
Erie high school yearbook, 1916
Erie high school yearbook, 1915
Erie high school yearbook, 1914
The Burro, 1925
The Rodeo, 1932
The Rodeo, 1931
The Rodeo, 1930
The Rodeo, 1929
The Rodeo, 1928
The Rodeo, 1927
The Rodeo, 1926
The Rodeo, 1925

Box: Archbold 3
Shelf: 13
Series: Family Documents and Photographs

Ledger book 1,1969-71
Ledger book 2, 1969-71

Separate: Archbold 4
Shelf: 13

Large folder with photographs

Created on ... October 05, 2004