Philosophy of Edinboro Nursing
The purpose of the Department of Nursing is to prepare professional nurses for entry level practice in a variety of healthcare settings. The faculty believe that preparation for professional nursing is the baccalaureate degree in nursing. Through a liberal and professional education, nurses acquire a foundation for the development of clinical judgment skills, professional values, and value-based behaviors. Behaviors such as caring, altruism, and integrity are central to the practice of professional nursing.
The faculty of the Department of Nursing incorporate the goals and objectives established by the University. Emphasis is placed on the development of the student as a holistic individual, a member of the nursing profession, and an effective citizen within a community and global perspective.
The faculty believe that education is an organized and continuing process of purposeful, guided, and self-directed activities to enhance the development of the individual student according to potential and interests; that learning involves a change in behavior brought about by critical thinking, knowledge, and experiences; and that the identification of learning goals, the selection of experiences, and the evaluation of outcomes are developed collaboratively by the student and the educator. The basic assumption inherent in the teaching-learning process is that self-awareness, self-development, and evaluation are best achieved in an open and reciprocal student-educator environment.
The faculty believe nursing is a profession based on the interrelationship of person, health, nurse and environment. The PERSON is perceived as a unique, holistic being striving to achieve maturation and the self-realization of potential. A human being responds to experiences in ways that impact on his/her own internal and external environments and that affect the basic units of socialization, which are the family and community. A person possesses free will, the power to choose, and the ability to learn and reflect on oneself. As a person matures and develops in awareness, the exercise of these traits gives him/her relative control, accountability, and responsibility for the selection and achievement of personal outcomes.
is a term describing the dynamic level of wholeness or integrity of human beings. It is a highly individualized perception, has culturally determined elements, and is evident in daily patterns of functioning. Health includes interpersonal and social coexistence with other persons. Health also encompasses well-being and is a state of integrated functioning that promotes human dignity within illness and disability.
A NURSEis a healthcare professional who identifies and treats human responses to health and illness through the application of scientific knowledge. Furthermore, a nurse, working in a professional capacity, maximizes the person's health potential. The nurse delivers care in all environments to individuals, families, groups, and communities as a provider, coordinator and designer/manager of care. In these roles, the nurse functions as patient advocate and educator for care provision, health promotion, and risk reduction. The nurse provides care to an increasingly diverse population across the life span. He/she is prepared to make and assist others in making ethical decisions within a professional framework. A nurse is educated to help all individuals and families make decisions within the end-of-life context of their values. Membership in the profession involves acquisition of an ethical framework, knowledge of political and regulatory processes defining healthcare delivery, and life-long learning.
ENVIRONMENTis the physical and psychosocial context in which human beings act and react. A person's environment consists of interacting physical, psychosocial, cultural, spiritual, interpersonal, and ethical components.
The additional components of core competencies (critical thinking, communication, assessment and therapeutic nursing interventions) and core knowledge (health promotion, risk reduction and disease prevention, illness and disease management, rehabilitation, information and healthcare technologies, ethics, human diversity, global health care, and healthcare systems and policy) are also essential to the preparation of a professional nurse (adapted from Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education [CCNE]). With this educational preparation, the baccalaureate prepared nurse uses theory and research-based knowledge to provide direct and indirect care to individuals, families, groups, and communities; provide, coordinate and design/manage care, and function as a member of a profession.
Revised: 12/01; 8/03
Approved: Faculty Organization: 12/7/01